A Glossary of Website & Internet Terms

This guide is designed for people who haven’t been involved in setting up a website before now; it is basic but will help to demystify some of the jargon that you may hear. We can’t explain how the whole internet works, but there are a few things you may want to know about having your own website. FarOffice can do all the domain purchase and hosting for you, so you don’t have to worry about learning any of this. The guide, arranged alphabetically, is here should you want to know more or understand what we do for you.

Browser

This is the software on your computer that links you to the internet. On Windows machines this is often Internet Explorer or Firefox and on Macs, it is most frequently a browser called Safari.

Domain

A domain is the name that you purchase to use for your website. For instance, the domain for this website is faroffice.co.uk. You purchase the domain for a limited period, usually 2 years, and renew it when you need to.

Domain Name Server

A domain name server (DNS for short) is the internet’s equivalent to a telephone directory. A domain name server maintains a directory of domain names and their matching IP addresses. This information allows other computers to know where to go to find your website. The information from all the domain name servers across the Internet is gathered into a Central Registry. Computer networks across the world check into the Central Registry regularly to get updates so they will know information about your domain and where to find your domain name or your website.

Hosting

Once you have a domain, you need to get hosting. This is where the pages we create are held for people who are surfing the net to find your website. Put simply, the pages of your website will be held on a server and then whenever anyone types the name of your domain into their web browser, this is where they will find the pages. There is an annual charge for hosting, but FarOffice can sort this out for you.

HTML

This is short for Hyper Text Markup Language and it’s what gives your web pages structure and form. Using html means you can turn streams of text into titles, headings and paragraphs, use bold and underlines to make each page more readable. Do you need to know it? Not at all, it’s what FarOffice does for you.

Internet Protocol Address or IP

Also known as an “IP number” or simply an “IP”, this is a code made up of a 32-bit number that identifies each sender or receiver of information that is sent across the Internet. The number is separated by three dots which identifies a particular computer on the Internet. When you request an HTML page or send e-mail, the Internet includes your IP address in the message and sends it to the IP address that is obtained by looking up the domain name in the Uniform Resource Locator (URL for short) you requested or in the e-mail address you’re sending a note to. Every computer, whether it be a Web Server or the computer you’re using right now, requires an IP address to connect to the Internet.

Server

This is not something you are going to see, but it is a computer that can be reached by other remote computers. Servers hold web pages and when someone types in your domain name, the server offers up your website.

URL

Short for Uniform Resource Locator, your URL is the address of your website. For instance, http://faroffice.co.uk is the URL of the home page of this website.

These are just a few of the terms you might encounter when setting up your new website. The list isn’t comprehensive and if there is a term that isn’t on the list that you’d like to know about, just contact FarOffice and we will add it to the page.

The Easy Way

Then again, you could just call us, tell us what you want and let us do all the hard work! Our number is 0117 2300195.